- Circumference and Area of Circles
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- Circle: Diameter, Radius, and Chord
- Circumference of a Circle
- Area of a Circle
- Circumference and Area of a Circle
- Distinguishing Between the Area and Circumference of a Circle

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# Circle: Diameter, Radius, and Chord

A **circle** is formed by points that are same distance from a fixed point called the centre of the circle.

The centre of a circle is a point: A circle is named after its centre. If centre of a circle is point O, the circle would be named circle O or the circle with centre O.

The **radius** of a circle is any line segment connecting the centre of the circle to any point on the circle.

The **chord** of a circle is a line segment joining any two points on the circle.

The chord of a circle which passes through the centre of the circle is called the **diameter** of the circle. The diameter of a circle is the distance across a circle. The diameter is also the longest chord of a circle.

**Formula for the diameter of Circle**

Diameter of a circle d = 2r, where r is the radius of the circle.

Find the radius and diameter of the following circle.

### Solution

**Step 1:**

Given Radius r = 18 cm

**Step 2:**

So Diameter = 2r = 2(18) = 36 cm

**Step 3:**

So, Radius = 18 cm, Diameter = 36 cm

Identify the radius, diameter, and chord from given circle.

### Solution

**Step 1:**

The chord is Chord QP

**Step 2:**

The diameter is Diameter MN