C++ Thread Library - Function constructor


Advertisements

Description

It is used to constructs a thread object.

Declaration

Following is the declaration for std::thread::thread function.

thread() noexcept;
template <class Fn, class... Args>
explicit thread (Fn&& fn, Args&&... args);
thread (const thread&) = delete;	
thread (thread&& x) noexcept;

C++11

thread() noexcept;
template <class Fn, class... Args>
explicit thread (Fn&& fn, Args&&... args);
thread (const thread&) = delete;	
thread (thread&& x) noexcept;

Parameters

  • fn − It is a pointer to function, pointer to member, or any kind of move-constructible function object.

  • args... − Arguments passed to the call to fn.

  • x − It is a thread object.

Return Value

none

Exceptions

none

Data races

modifies x.

Example

In below example explains about std::thread::thread function.

#include <iostream>
#include <utility>
#include <thread>
#include <chrono>
#include <functional>
#include <atomic>
 
void f1(int n) {
   for (int i = 0; i < 5; ++i) {
      std::cout << "1st Thread executing\n";
      ++n;
      std::this_thread::sleep_for(std::chrono::milliseconds(10));
   }
}

void f2(int& n) {
   for (int i = 0; i < 5; ++i) {
      std::cout << "2nd Thread executing\n";
      ++n;
      std::this_thread::sleep_for(std::chrono::milliseconds(10));
   }
}
 
int main() {
   int n = 0;
   std::thread t1;
   std::thread t2(f1, n + 1);
   std::thread t3(f2, std::ref(n));
   std::thread t4(std::move(t3));
   t2.join();
   t4.join();
   std::cout << "Final value of n is " << n << '\n';
}

Let us compile and run the above program, this will produce the following result −

1st Thread executing
2nd Thread executing
1st Thread executing
2nd Thread executing
1st Thread executing
2nd Thread executing
1st Thread executing
2nd Thread executing
2nd Thread executing
1st Thread executing
Final value of n is 5
thread.htm
Advertisements